Social Science

The Effect of Hindu Nationalism on India’s 2019 Elections

Anagha Sreevals

George Mason University

Indian Nationalism originally developed during the Indian independence movement against the British. The movement was about territorial nationalism,and worked towards gaining independence and freedom for all types of Indians. Now, Indian Nationalism has shifted more towards Hindu Nationalism, and this has been affecting current politics, elections, and government officials.

La Problema Lengua: Embracing Linguistic Pluralism for a Richer American Experience

Jarrodd Davis

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

In a fifth-grade classroom in Queens, Mr. Andrew Brown’s students are speaking English, Spanish, Arabic, Polish, and Ukrainian. This class is located within a public school, not at a special language school, or even a magnet school. Mr. Brown is required to carefully balance the needs of students ranging from monolingual English-speaking students who struggle with reading, to newly-arrived students with little command of English from Central America.

Development Assistance for Noncommunicable Diseases: Political, Socioeconomic, and Health Indicators of Foreign Aid for an Emerging Global Crisis

Caroline Kasman

University of Washington

As a result of global economic development, noncommunicable diseases, also known as NCDs, have become an emerging pandemic and wide scale economic burden that is not being adequately addressed. Despite the lack of alignment between NCDs burden and funding by donor groups to low- and middle-income countries, there is limited quantitative research on how states choose to allocate development assistance for health, or DAH, especially for NCDs. This report focuses on bilateral foreign aid and models the correlations between economic, political, social, and epidemiological indicators of recipient countries and the level of foreign aid for NCDs given by donor countries. I conclude that there is evidence of no association between disease burden of a country and received funding while their trade openness was positively correlated. DAH was also surprisingly negatively correlated with the level of democracy of a recipient country, revealing the potential for further research into the determinants of foreign aid for NCDs.

The Proposal and Evaluation of the ICD-11 Classification System for Personality Disorders

Robyn Sessler

Middle Tennessee State University

Diagnostic criteria are present and necessary for all disorders, ranging from medical to psychiatric. The International Classification of Diseases, volume 11 (ICD-11) is the most recent edition of a diagnostic manual that is set to be implemented by 2022 (World Health Organization, 2018). One area of this manual that has been revised extensively is the classification of personality disorders (PD’s). A new dimensional model has been proposed, a vast difference from the existing categorical model. With such a dramatic change, researchers and clinicians have engaged in conversations regarding the efficacy and suitability of this model to sufficiently capture diagnosis of individual PD’s.

The Self-Stigma of Mental Illness and Active Help-Seeking in College Students

Megan R. Morrison, Genaveve Schoen, Zach T. Lindenburg, and Nereida J. Aranda

Christian Brothers University

College students are most likely to have a mental disorder and least likely to think the mentally ill live normal lives post-treatment (Auerbach et al., 2017). This misconception is due to stigma and leads to foregoing treatment. Specifically, research on self-stigma and active help-seeking is lacking. This study examined the relationship between public stigma, self-stigma, and active help-seeking among college students with anxiety and depression. 100 undergraduates completed measures of their mental health services utilization, public stigma, self-stigma, anxiety, and depression. Results indicate self-stigma is positively influenced by public stigma and negatively influences active help-seeking, and those with mental illness indicate increased perceived public stigma. These findings are discussed in terms of changing the community’s perception of mental illness, hopefully decreasing the negative consequences of perceived public stigma on self-stigma, thus, active help-seeking.

Highlights from previous editions

Educating the Outsiders: The Importance of Social Support in the Success of Latino Undocumented Students

Emily Adkins

Eastern Kentucky University

It takes a village to raise a child. This traditional proverb points to the importance of community and cooperation in ensuring children’s needs are met and exposing them to a wide variety of resources that could provide assistance if necessary. This concept of community support is widely heralded, and for many students in the United States, this saying is vital. Their villages are complete with parents, teachers, and administrators that support them and believe in their potential for success. But who forms the support system for children who are on America’s social fringes? For students who seem to be outsiders, such as those who lack a nine digit Social Security number due to lack of authorization to live in the United States, support systems play an especially vital role in academic success. These students face situations filled with fear and stress every day, including fear stemming from potential deportation of themselves or family members, stress due to poverty or being overworked, and heightened sense of being on the fringes of mainstream society. In the context of such circumstances, undocumented students are more equipped to overcome these obstacles when they are placed in the context of effective social support systems such as having high parental involvement in education and gaining mentorships and professional relationships with adults in their communities.

Bridging Aesthetic Theory: Comparing Scottish Enlightenment Theories to Modern Neuroscience Evidence

Calen Smith

Westminster College

Artistic disciplines burgeoned in Scotland during the eighteenth century. As fields such as sculpture, painting, literature, and music thrived, so did philosophy. Responding to the advancements of the fine arts, philosophers such as Hume, Reid, and Hutcheson began to write about the philosophy of art—aesthetics. Though they addressed a variety of themes in their writings, aesthetic theory can generally be characterized by three main questions: does beauty originate internally (person) or externally (object), are there universal traits that create beauty, and lastly, what is the role of the critique (expert) in recognizing and interpreting beauty? Three hundred years later, academic fields have progressed to apply empirical methods (keeping with the hopes of Scottish empiricists) to the questions of enlightenment philosophers. The rising field of neuroaesthetics applies the methodologies of neuroscience and psychology to the philosophical questions raised by Scottish thinkers and their contemporaries.

Health is Wealth: Behavioral Economic "Nudges" Applied to Health Care

Cameron Watts

Georgia College & State University

“Health is wealth,” is a common catchphrase adopted by non-profits and clinics to describe the inherent value of investing in one’s physical and mental wellbeing. However, most people do not recognize the truth behind the phrase – the financial return on health investments. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported in 2010, that over 2.3 trillion dollars were spent to treat chronic and mental health diseases, many of which were preventable (Gerteis et al., 2016); Furthermore, the Congressional Budget Office expects 966 billion dollars to be spent on Medicare and Medicaid alone in 2018 (Projections for Major Health Care Programs for FY 2018 2018). That is money straight from the taxpayer’s pocket and health care costs continue to rise.

Non-Suicidal Self-Injury on YouTube: A Content and Comment Analysis

Nathan Lowry, Carol Ewert

Iona College

Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a prevalent public health issue that affects millions of teenagers and young adults each year. With the ever-increasing use of social media among youth, it is important to understand how NSSI is represented online. The goal of the current study was to update the research of Lewis and colleagues (2010) to examine how NSSI is represented on YouTube via a content analysis. We also examined whether certain types of NSSI related videos may encourage or trigger viewers to engage in NSSI themselves by coding comments posted in response to videos. For this study, we searched “self-harm” and used the view count filter to select the top 25 most viewed videos within the past three years. We coded the content using categories from a previous study conducted by Dr. Colleen Jacobson’s research team (Tigershtrohm et al., 2016). Our results showed that 28% of all videos fell under the “bashing” category, 20% fell under the “providing support category” and 20% fell under the “current acts” category. Our results also showed that 36.8% of all comments were self-disclosure, 36.4% were feedback towards the poster and only 1% of all comments indicated the viewer was triggered. Our results lead us to the conclusion that, though the majority of videos fell under the category “bashing,” the majority of comments discouraged NSSI and did not trigger viewers.