Social Science

WI Voter Registration Purging

Aisha Mamou

Madison College

This literature review uses facts to highlight the best methods of registration and addresses the attempted suppression of certain voter demographics in Wisconsin. The case in Wisconsin that demands the purging of over 200,000 registered voters from the rolls would effectively strip many citizens of their rights and interfering with this right would jeopardize our democracy. This literature review provides information on the registration processes in Wisconsin, as well as the most effective methods utilized in the United States.

Women’s Movements and Repressive Regimes: A Comparison of Algeria and the Soviet Union

Margaret Kenney

Saint Louis University

Understanding how people respond to repressive regimes is particularly important because it can reveal a disconnect between the institutions in place and those who occupy the society. What is more, focusing on those who are relatively powerless in society with limited ability to resist, such as women, the poor, or the uneducated provides insights into the ways that these groups subvert regimes in unique ways. As such, this paper will compare the case studies of low-income female resistance in repressive regimes in the Soviet Union and Algeria. These countries are alike because of the imposed repressive regimes, the state of women’s rights in the time period, and the existence of women’s resistance movements. In this paper, I will argue that in repressive regimes that both promote and undermine the empowerment of women, women’s resistance groups will respond in similar ways.

Using E-Commerce Mechanisms to Promote Economic Development in Nigeria

Laura Cardona

Elizabethtown College

Foreign direct investment in Nigeria is increasingly becoming more attractive to multinational enterprises. This report analyzes several elements critical to FDI opportunities, including Nigeria’s current political, economic, regulatory, and cultural environment. Nigeria’s democratically elected, incumbent President Muhammadu Buhari has identified economic development and economic diversification as key goals for his term. One way to achieve both of these goals is through e-commerce mechanisms. Currently, the biggest sector of Nigeria’s economy is oil. There is an opportunity to lay the infrastructure for a non-oil industry that provides consistent economic growth. By working with the Nigerian government, non-governmental organizations, and current Nigerian e-commerce platforms, American companies can be the first to tap into this emerging market in the largest African country by population. Successful FDI in Nigeria can be a stepping stone to further economic development throughout the African continent.

Performance Training: Preventing Playing-Related Injuries in Amateur Instrumentalists

Heather Anderson

Elmhurst University

From minor aches and pains to serious conditions debilitating the capability to perform, concerning levels of playing-related musculoskeletal disorders plague musicians of all levels. This study explores the leading injury-prevention strategies for amateur instrumentalists to embark on a life-long career playing without the limitations of pain.

Highlights from previous editions

Educating the Outsiders: The Importance of Social Support in the Success of Latino Undocumented Students

Emily Adkins

Eastern Kentucky University

It takes a village to raise a child. This traditional proverb points to the importance of community and cooperation in ensuring children’s needs are met and exposing them to a wide variety of resources that could provide assistance if necessary. This concept of community support is widely heralded, and for many students in the United States, this saying is vital. Their villages are complete with parents, teachers, and administrators that support them and believe in their potential for success. But who forms the support system for children who are on America’s social fringes? For students who seem to be outsiders, such as those who lack a nine digit Social Security number due to lack of authorization to live in the United States, support systems play an especially vital role in academic success. These students face situations filled with fear and stress every day, including fear stemming from potential deportation of themselves or family members, stress due to poverty or being overworked, and heightened sense of being on the fringes of mainstream society. In the context of such circumstances, undocumented students are more equipped to overcome these obstacles when they are placed in the context of effective social support systems such as having high parental involvement in education and gaining mentorships and professional relationships with adults in their communities.

Bridging Aesthetic Theory: Comparing Scottish Enlightenment Theories to Modern Neuroscience Evidence

Calen Smith

Westminster College

Artistic disciplines burgeoned in Scotland during the eighteenth century. As fields such as sculpture, painting, literature, and music thrived, so did philosophy. Responding to the advancements of the fine arts, philosophers such as Hume, Reid, and Hutcheson began to write about the philosophy of art—aesthetics. Though they addressed a variety of themes in their writings, aesthetic theory can generally be characterized by three main questions: does beauty originate internally (person) or externally (object), are there universal traits that create beauty, and lastly, what is the role of the critique (expert) in recognizing and interpreting beauty? Three hundred years later, academic fields have progressed to apply empirical methods (keeping with the hopes of Scottish empiricists) to the questions of enlightenment philosophers. The rising field of neuroaesthetics applies the methodologies of neuroscience and psychology to the philosophical questions raised by Scottish thinkers and their contemporaries.

Health is Wealth: Behavioral Economic "Nudges" Applied to Health Care

Cameron Watts

Georgia College & State University

“Health is wealth,” is a common catchphrase adopted by non-profits and clinics to describe the inherent value of investing in one’s physical and mental wellbeing. However, most people do not recognize the truth behind the phrase – the financial return on health investments. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported in 2010, that over 2.3 trillion dollars were spent to treat chronic and mental health diseases, many of which were preventable (Gerteis et al., 2016); Furthermore, the Congressional Budget Office expects 966 billion dollars to be spent on Medicare and Medicaid alone in 2018 (Projections for Major Health Care Programs for FY 2018 2018). That is money straight from the taxpayer’s pocket and health care costs continue to rise.

Non-Suicidal Self-Injury on YouTube: A Content and Comment Analysis

Nathan Lowry, Carol Ewert

Iona College

Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a prevalent public health issue that affects millions of teenagers and young adults each year. With the ever-increasing use of social media among youth, it is important to understand how NSSI is represented online. The goal of the current study was to update the research of Lewis and colleagues (2010) to examine how NSSI is represented on YouTube via a content analysis. We also examined whether certain types of NSSI related videos may encourage or trigger viewers to engage in NSSI themselves by coding comments posted in response to videos. For this study, we searched “self-harm” and used the view count filter to select the top 25 most viewed videos within the past three years. We coded the content using categories from a previous study conducted by Dr. Colleen Jacobson’s research team (Tigershtrohm et al., 2016). Our results showed that 28% of all videos fell under the “bashing” category, 20% fell under the “providing support category” and 20% fell under the “current acts” category. Our results also showed that 36.8% of all comments were self-disclosure, 36.4% were feedback towards the poster and only 1% of all comments indicated the viewer was triggered. Our results lead us to the conclusion that, though the majority of videos fell under the category “bashing,” the majority of comments discouraged NSSI and did not trigger viewers.